The Basic Process Of Making Wine

Summary: Wine has been around for thousands of years.  The process of making them is surprisingly simple but requires a lot of patience and experience in order to produce a beverage of exceptional quality that can be appreciated by many generations.

For millennia wine has been enjoyed by almost all cultures and civilizations in the world.  It is the drink used in gatherings, ceremonies, social occasions and religious rituals. Today, the allure of drinking this fine beverage has never waned.  In fact, it has evolved into a billion dollar industry.  Here is a discussion about how wines are made in general.

Wine making has changed very little over the centuries.  Surprisingly most of the basic things that occur in the creation of this beverage are natural chemical reactions.  It basically requires taking any natural yeast admixed with a sugar liquid substance and then transform it into alcohol.  Winemakers today make wines by following five basic steps.  The first step in making wine is choosing and growing the variant of grape that you will use to make the beverage.  This may seem like a no brainer but any experienced winemaker will tell you that this is the most crucial and important step in creating a beverage that can be cherished for generations or simply throw away with the week’s garbage. It all boils down to the type of grape used, the level of nurturing that has gone into growing them as well as the soil and the weather conditions in the area where it was cultivated.


It is a known fact in the winemaking world that the correct ripeness or maturity of the grape is crucial in making marvelous wines.  Harvesting is the next basic step towards making wine.  If they are harvested too early then they might not have the correct consistency needed to create a fine tasting wine. The same is true if they have been left to over ripen because all the essential flavors would have been lost and what you will have are wines that have no balance at all.

The third step in how wine is made is fermentation. When the grapes have been harvested they are stored in huge oak barrels, stainless steel containers and even concrete vats to undergo the fermenting process.  The yeast will then convert all the sugar into alcohol as well as carbon dioxide. Fermentation stops when all the sugar has been consumed.

Once the fermenting process is finished, the wine is then stored to undergo the ageing process in order to bring out the complex flavors that will result in a more rounded drink.  There are wines that need not require to be aged and are best consumed right away.  For the most part those that undergo ageing process are stored oak casks in order to enhance the flavor to its maximum.

The final step in making wine is the bottling process.  Once the desired maturity is reached, wines are now ready for bottling. Winemakers choose whether they want the finished product to undergo fining or filtering in order to remove some of the impurities that resulted from the ageing process. Once they have been bottled the wines undergo another maturing period before they are shipped and sold. This is to give the wines enough time for settling.

Commonly Known Wine Bottle Sizes

Wine Bottle Sizes

Good quality wine such as Burgundy or Bordeaux can be found in a variety of bottle sizes that are not widely advertised. While they may not be recognized by many consumers, most wine enthusiasts are familiar with these different wine bottle sizes. When thinking about large bottles of champagne, the size that comes to mind most often is a Magnum. While it is probably the most well-known, some bottles are much larger. There are also smaller bottles that hold between eight and twelve ounces of wine.

Wine Bottle Sizes

Wine bottle sizes range from one half, to twenty bottles, and there are some sizes that hold less than a bottle. Depending on the region, bottles of the same size may be have two different names. Many of these large wine bottle sizes have the names of kings like Jeroboam, Methuselah, Shalmanazar, and Nebuchadnezzar. The Jeroboam holds four bottles, there are eight bottles in Methuselah, Shalmanazar is twelve, and the hefty Nebuchadnezzar is the largest legal bottle size, it holds twenty bottles of wine or champagne. Smaller sizes that hold one, two, or three bottles are also available.

Along with these large-scale versions, small wine bottle sizes can be seen at wine tastings, on airplanes, festivals, and private parties or family dinners. Both red and white wine can be found in these small sizes that usually hold one or two servings. Some other sizes include the Double Magnum, which holds four bottles, the eight bottle Imperial, and the Split only holds one-quarter of a bottle. Some other wine bottle sizes such as Marie-Jeanne are named according to their region. The Marie-Jeanne holds three bottles of wine. With the different size bottles available, you can easily find the best size for your occasion.

Wine Bottle Sizes

Large wine bottle sizes are often on display in speciality wine shops, wineries, bars, and restaurants. Those who are interested in the various size of wine bottles can find a vast amount of information, references, and resources on the Internet. These informative websites can show you the names of different wine bottle sizes, and how much each one holds in bottles or liters. There are careful descriptions of the region, how bottle names originated, and the types of wine or champagne that is bottled there. Wine bottle sizes and their names may differ from one region to the next, but each region offers an excellent selection of fine wines and champagne.

The Indulgent Act of Red Wine

Wine Bottle Sizes

Red wine is one of the most popular alcoholic drinks worldwide. It is not just popular for having a relaxing drink on a night out or in the home, it can also be used to cook delightful meals. Some people will buy just one bottle, use some in the sauce for their main meal, and drink the rest because food and wine goes perfectly well together. The actual taste is often taken for granted as many people do not know why red wines taste so different to whites and pinks. The aspect that makes the taste so unique is the wide range of grapes that are used. Some contain red grapes whilst other may contain deep purple or even a blue colored grape.

To enjoy red wines at their best it is advisable to have an oval glass to ensure that it has the room it requires. Champagne flutes and other narrow glasses should be avoided when consuming this product. Once you have poured the drink into the glass you should be able to swill it around to let it breathe, this is only possible if you pour up to twenty-two ounces of liquid in the glass. The beverage should never be served cold in fact the ideal temperature is around sixty degrees Fahrenheit.

Wine Bottle Sizes

Even the best red wine will vary in taste depending on the level of their body. A light-bodied wine contains the Gamay Grape and very few types of tannin. A medium-bodied bottle has many more tannins than the light version but does not carry as much flavor as the full-bodied. Wines with a full body are the most preferable in terms of cooking as they can bring out the best flavor and they do not just contain the highest tannin content but also the most alcohol.

Wine Bottle Sizes

Many experts have said that in moderation red wine can be very good for your heart due to an ingredient called resveratrol. The antioxidants can prevent heart disease by improving the good cholesterol. The key ingredient will also cut down bad cholesterol and prevent blood clots. This beverage is by far the best choice when considering an alcoholic drink especially in moderation.

Red wine is continuously being produced all over the world but due to huge vineyards, it is famous for being made in France and Italy. Other Vineyards include Australia, USA, Spain, South Africa, Germany, Chile, and Argentina. Its age and origin will affect how good it is but even considering this, tasters will prefer different types for their own personal reasons. Many people will venture on days out to wine tasting sessions in the hope that they will discover their favorite product. Once you have mastered storing the bottle at the ideal temperature and obtaining perfect red wine glasses you will enjoy sampling different tastes from different Countries until you can find one that will remain with you. Many of you may even decide to buy one for cooking and one completely different body for drinking with the meal.

Importance of Choosing the Right Red Wine

Wine Bottle Sizes

Red wine is one of the best beverages to serve in any occasion, whether for a warm get-together with friends or for a formal event. There are many varieties of red wine with specific types named after their regions of origin around the world. Most red wines came from European regions, but there are an increasing number of red wines that come from non-European regions such as wines from Napa Valley in California and Hunter Valley in Australia. Today, the leading types of wine in the market include merlot, mainly due to its fruity taste and affordability, and Cabernet Sauvignon, for its full body and wide range of textures. However, there are other lesser-known types of red wine that are prized for their unique flavors.

Varieties of Red Wine

Port wine is a type of red wine produced in the Douro Valley in the Northern part of Portugal. This is often served as a sweet red wine and is great when paired with dessert. Although there are other fortified wines produced outside of Portugal, only the wine produced in the country can be called Port wine. Known as one of the best red wine for any occasion, Cabernet Sauvignon comes from Bordeaux, France. It sports a distinct soft flavor that makes it the perfect pair for red meat, dark chocolate, and cheese. Cabernet Sauvignon wines are aged around ten years to get the flavor it is known for. Another popular and expensive option is Pinot Noir. This type of red wine sports a full taste and an earthy aroma that makes it the perfect complement to fish, lamb, or pork. For spicy meals, one can also serve zinfandel, known for its rich and dark appearance and fruity taste.

Another option for meaty dishes is Shiraz, one of the most famous wines served today. It has a fuller body compared to other red wines and sports a wide range of flavors including liquorice, oak, and blackberry. This makes it a great accompaniment to pizza, steaks, and stews. Other affordable options include Beaujolais, Rioja, and Malbec. Although not as well known as Merlot or Pinot Noir, these wines are favored for their interesting flavors, their affordability, and their exotic origins. Rioja is the result of various blends of grapes, and Beaujolais comes with a flavor that goes well with any kind of international cuisine. Malbec comes from Argentina and compliments almost any kind of meaty dish. Malbec is a heavy red wine, the reason why it is often consumed in the winter months.

Moscato wine is another type of red wine made from the Muscat grape. This wine is characterized by its sweet flavor and low tannins. Often thought of as cheap party wines, moscato is often a fortified wine, one to which other types of liquor such as brandy is added before the fermentation process. Aside from its sweet taste that make it the best dessert partner, muscat wines are also known to contain a large amount of flavonoids, antioxidants which are known to provide the body with a large number of health benefits.

Wine Spectator, One of the Best Sources of Red Wine Reviews

For the best reviews of red wine in the world, one of the most trusted authorities is Wine Spectator. This lifestyle magazine has been doing thousands of wine reviews since the first day of publication. Reviews consist of wine ratings and tasting notes made by international wine connoisseurs. Wine Spectator was founded in 1976, but it was only three years later that it began to establish itself as one of the most trusted names in wine reviews. The magazine also hosts the Wine Experience every year. This is composed of wine events and seminars where hundreds of wines are poured and tasted. It also runs the Wine Spectator Scholarship Foundation. Due to its authority on wines, the Wine Spectator holds a large influence on what wines are favored by top restaurants all over the world.

Knowing which red wine to serve to compliment a dish is a skill learned through time and practice. There are hundreds of varieties of red wine for every occasion and taste. Red wine is extremely flexible but pairing the right wine with the right dish can make any affair even more memorable.

The Punt in relation to Wine Bottle Sizes

Wine Bottle Sizes

Wine bottle sizes have a rather fascinating story and history that goes along with the wine itself. One rather intriguing aspect of these wine bottles is called a punt. There really is no common explanation or even agreement why the punt exists but there are several theories.

Wine bottles at one point in history were free blown by using a blowpipe and something called a pontil. Creating wine bottle sizes in this fashion leaves what is called a punt mark at the bottom of the bottle. Bottle makes indented this mark so it would not scratch tables or simply tip over.

Another theory was that this style of wine bottle was used by the servants of wealthy men. Often times, the servants were very aware of what was going on in their village or town and became valuable tools to their masters. Legend has it that the code was developed that a servant would put their thumb in or out of the punt to deliver a surreptitious message about the guest to his master.

Of course there were many more common and useful tributes to the punt in various wine bottle sizes. It would act as a place where someone who was pouring it could put their thumb for stability and spills were much less likely to happen. This actually increases the strength of the bottle thus making it easy to accommodate the high pressure of champagne and sparkling wines. The punt is also attributed to decreasing the shatter rate of the various wine bottle sizes by significantly reducing the resonance factor of the bottle. From an aesthetic point, the punt actually acts like a conduit for refracting light in such a way that it enhances the color and beauty of the wine. Also, the punt makes the various wine bottle sizes heavier and thus presents more volume to a buyer without actually having anymore liquid thus tricking the consumer while making the seller happy.

Wine Bottle Sizes and Shapes

Wine Bottle Sizes

Wine bottle sizes not only have a variety of different sizes but they also come in a variety of different shapes. These shapes often vary from area to area where the wine is cultivated. However, there are certain countries in Europe that follow their own local customs/traditions in determining the shapes of their wine bottle sizes.

Taking a look at the various shapes of differing wine bottle sizes tells us a number of different things. First, there is the varieties that include the Bordeaux, Port and Sherry shapes. This bottle is usually identifiable as having a high shouldered look along with straight sides and a significant punt. These may also have a bulbous neck to catch any type of residue that may form. The Burgundy and Rhone shapes of wine bottle sizes typically have a smaller punt while accentuated by a bottle that is tall with shoulders that have a slope. Champagne bottles have their own distinctness. These bottle shapes are typically much thicker than other wine bottle sizes because Champagne is usually under a whole lot more pressure than regular wine.

Wine Bottle Sizes

Differing North American and South American along with wine producers from South Africa, Australia and Asia choose their bottle shapes for the various wine bottle sizes by associating the type of wine with the bottle shape. In this instance, a wine maker may choose a wine bottle size with a shape not unlike a Bordeaux if the wine maker is choosing to bottle a Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Malbec.

Finally, there are really no set rules on any types of shapes for wine bottle sizes. Especially considering a great deal of wine is created in the “New World” and these winemakers may tend to buck the normal trends of the “Old World” winemakers in an effort to stand out from their competitors in a really tough wine market. However, consumers are not foolish enough to simply fall in love with the shape of a wine bottle size and will definitely give due diligence before purchasing any type of wine in a funny looking bottle.

Wine Bottle Sizes and Names – The Origin and Usage

Wine bottle sizes generally do not have anything to do with actual sorts of vine and wines you drink. For example, if the names of bottle sizes mattered, than Methuselah, which is actually a size, would mean a very old wine. However, it does not count and practically nobody can tell the exact origin and reason why wine bottle sizes have so strange and peculiar names. There are many sizes for bottling wine and each of them has its own name, not usually with visible connection to anything in particular, not the wine at least. However, people have always been interested in these matters ever so much that these names often come up as quiz questions.

Wine bottle sizes names are various, where one of them is particularly known to most people. It is the term magnum, which stands for wine bottle sizes of 1.5 liter. Magnum is considered by many to be probably one of the oldest names for wine bottle sizes and it originates from England. However, it has to be distinguished from magnum champagne as a sort, since it is actually a measure for liquids. Wine bottle sizes are several, all having very interesting though sometimes with unrelated names.

Wine Bottle Sizes

Wine bottle sizes which can contain approximately three liters are called jeroboam. Following is the rehoboam, containing four liters of wine or other liquid. There is also the mentioned Methuselah of three liters. Wine bottle sizes go up to the containers of twenty sever liters. Salmanazar, Nebuchadnezzar and others rather remind of Biblical names than containers for wine. However, it is interesting that the largest size refers to champagne only. The largest sizes are usually the hardest to find, being very rare. These interesting measuring containers names are definitely a mystery regarding their origin.

Wine bottle sizes we use today are rather usual and known to everyone. Apart from variety of containers for transfer, which are usually of plastic or glass and can accommodate up to 20 liters of wine, there are usual containers we had all seen both in markets and special wine tasting events. Wine bottle sizes today usually vary from 0.75 liters for more sophisticated packages to a standard one liter bottle. However, restaurants and bars are known to serve 0.25 liter (0.07 gallons) bottled wine fitting for one most typical wine glass. Of course, there are always old fashioned bottles of five or ten liters, but they are mostly in domestic rather than commercial use.